Toothpaste contains various necessary ingredients such as a binder. This helps in holding solid and other liquid ingredients together. This can affect the appearance of the paste. Two common examples of binders include magnesium aluminum silicate and sodium alginate.
Abrasives like chalk soften the silica or baking soda could also be added in the toothpaste. There are some pastes that include more than one abrasive type. Sudser or foaming compound is the ingredient that gives foamy texture to the toothpaste when used. It helps in cleaning the particles off our teeth. Sodium lauryl sulfate is considered the most common sudser. The other ingredients added in toothpaste are humectants that keep the moist and provide the sweet flavoring such as cinnamon or mint to the toothpaste.
The final ingredient added which almost every toothpaste have is fluoride, specifically sodium fluoride. Other ingredients added into the final production process are water and preservatives that protect the toothpaste from bacterial formation.
All ingredients in the toothpaste should be weighed. This is to ensure that the ratio of all ingredients going in the toothpaste are accurate and précised. All of the ingredients are put in a large vat to be blended. The vat is capable of holding enough of the mixture that can make about 10,000 tubes of toothpaste in 4 oz size/
While all of the ingredients are being mixed together, the tubes are placed in an assembly in which they are vacuumed and blown with air of higher pressure. This is a very important process for it ensures the sanitary of the tubes. Then the end is pointed down for it is the wide end that needs to be opened for filling. These tubes pass by a device that optically checks to ensure that they are well aligned. They go through filling machine where pump descends down, filling the tube. This will then be moved for crimping and sealing. Then they are also stamped to state where and when these products were produced.