Lactose is a sugar which most people are having trouble of digesting. Such condition is known as lactose intolerance that results to uncomfortable digestive symptoms when lactose is consumed. If you are lactose intolerant, there is lactose free milk you can drink instead. Rather than removing all of the lactose in milk, most manufacturers are using chemicals for lactose modification.
Lactose is a kind of sugar that is not identical but closely related to table sugar. Sugars all comprise of one or two chemical units known as monosaccharides. Table sugar and lactose contain two monosaccharides that are bonded together chemically to absorb monosaccharides from the sugar. You can digest lactose, separating them from one another through digestive enzymes. Two monosaccharides found in lactose are known as glucose which is a common monosaccharide and galactose that is similar in structure. The procedure is mimicked to produce lactose-free milk.
Since there are many lactose-intolerant people that enjoy drinking milk and other dairy, there are some manufacturers producing lactose-free milk. It is quite difficult to remove lactose from milk and this can change its taste and nutritional content. Rather, manufacturers chemically digest lactose that split it into galactose and glucose.
To digest lactose chemically, manufacturers are adding enzyme called lactase into the milk in which the process is allowed for about 24 hours. The enzymes are protein which helps chemical reactions to occur faster than they would. If you are lactose-intolerant, it is due to the fact that you lack lactase enzyme. Adding lactase to the milk and letting the enzyme to pre-digest the lactose will make milk easy for you to digest.
Usually, lactose free milk has sweeter taste compared to regular milk. The reason for this is it does not bind tremendously into your mouth’s sweetness receptors that glucose does. Most dairy products that are lactose free such as ice cream had their lactose modified in similar way as the lactose free milk which means they are safer even if you are lactose intolerant. Individuals with lactase deficiencies may consume yogurt without it having been modified chemically.