A guitar is a stringed instrument that produces its sounds by plucking the series of strings that run along the body of the instrument. If you know how to play guitar, you probably have asked yourself once on how it is made. Below are the processes required in manufacturing guitars.
The first and probably the most important step in making guitar is the selection of wood. The choice of wood can directly affect the sound quality of the finished product. It is important for the wood to be always free of flaws and it should have vertical, straight grain. Because each guitar section uses variety of wood types, the process of constructing it differs from one section to another.
• It is a method in which the single piece of wood is being sliced into two sheets with the same width and length as the original, but with only half as thick. This provides a symmetrical grain pattern to the sheets. To ensure continuity, the two sheets should be matched before they are glued together. When dried, the joined boards are sanded to proper thickness.
• Then it is followed by cutting the top into the guitar shape. Then the manufacturer saws the soundole, with slots that are to be carved around for concentric circles.
• The Wood braces are glued to underside of the piece at the top. Strutting helps in bracing the wood against the pull of string and at the same time controls the vibration at the top.
• Part of constructing the sides is cutting and then sanding the strips of woods to their correct length and thickness. Then they are soaked in water to soften. The strips are placed in the molds, shaped to the guitar curves. The two sides are then united with basswood affixed to the inside walls.
• Then the top and the back are affixed to the sides.
Neck and Fingerboard:
• The neck of the guitar is made from a single piece of hard wood, mahogany or rosewood and is carved into exact specifications. The reinforcing rod is then inserted through the neck length and then the fingerboard, after sanding is set in place. The neck will then be attached to the body.
Bridge and Saddle:
• The bridge is attached near the bottom area of the guitar and the saddle is fitted. The strings lie on the saddle, passing over a bridge which is very important in transferring of string vibration to the top of the guitar.
• Then the tuning machine is fitted next to the head of the guitar.
• Finally, the guitar is strung first and then expected.