How are Perfumes Made?

People can’t live without perfumes. It is essential part of their everyday lives. Each and every one of us has our own favorite brands of perfume. If you have ever wondered how are perfumes made, there are actually three methods involved in creating it.

• Collecting – Most perfume makers collect raw materials, natural plants, synthetic chemicals and animal products like musk that become the essential oil scents. The fatty portions of the animal contribute mask, while the plant odors are derived from fruits, flowers and spices. But not all plants that you can find have this scented component. In fact, about 2,000 plant species can create oils necessary in manufacturing perfumes.

• Extracting – Animal products and synthetic chemicals have odor concentration that are necessary in mixing the final perfume. However, plant materials need extraction of essential oils. There are several options in which the perfume maker can choose from.

The traditional method of doing it is expression and is exclusive for citrus odors from their peels. Their peels are pressed until the oil seeps out for collection. The two similar processes enfleurage and maceration are used on flowers, soaking them in grease. The enfleurage process involves resting layers of flowers on glass sheet with wooden frame with various sheets placed on top of each other. Once the grease absorbs the fragrance, the old flowers will be replaced with the new ones. The alcohol will dissolve the grease and once the alcohol is heated, it will evaporate until only the essential oil is left.

The fragrance is extracted by placing the plants into the steamer. The steam produced carries the scent of plants and it condenses into the essential oil as it cools.

The essential oil from the plants is extracted from the solution by pouring alcohol in order for the oil to float to the top.

• Mixing and aging – It takes an expert to combine the essential oil into the perfumes. The expert blends the oils to generate a desired scent before diluting it in alcohol. Like wine, perfume needs to be aged for months to years in order for its attributes to be enhanced.

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