Detergents, like most soap are made from wide range of ingredients. But unlike soaps, detergents use chemical reactions to formulate the surfactant which is a surf active substance and then compounding it.
The development of detergents today associate with the use of modern clothes washer addresses the major problem with soaps in instances where clothes are agitated repeatedly. Most old fashion soaps that were based on vegetable or animal fats were made of water-loving components and grease loving molecules. Directional molecules are not that efficient in water rich in minerals, or also known as hard water.
They mix with materials and leave a residue after washing. Instead of using fatty oils, detergents use petroleum based hydrocarbons. Sulfuric acid is added to create a complete surfactant, free of the water and the cloth. Alkali substances are also added to increase the surfactant’s efficiency but surround minerals instead of grease keep everything in suspension.
The basic ingredients of detergents are oils and petroleum based fats and these are tumbled with chemicals such as sulfuric acid, sulfur trioxide or ethylene oxide in large vats that use up to two tons of materials. After forming the chemicals into new fatty acids such as sodium or potassium hydroxide are incorporated to make a certain type of molecule. The other materials such as whitening agents, enzymes and alkali builders are added in various amounts of combinations depending on the manufacturer.
The tumbling vats are either shaken or stirred with giant paddles. The detergent completed is removed through the vat’s bottom and they are sent for packaging in cartoons. This process is often preferred by small detergent producers or manufacturer.
On the other hand, agglomeration process can produce over 50, 000 pounds of detergent in an hour which is a primary choice of larger manufacturers. The machines are like really huge food processors and the ingredients are sent and processed into fine consistency with its sharp bladed and wetted by liquid detergent with effects that generate viscous liquid, causing heat to be produced. The fluid flows out of the bottom into a conveyor belt to dry it with heat and air. They will then be pulverized and forced through the screens to produce the fine powder. Then they are transported into the packing station for sealing and packaging.